Thursday, May 24, 2012

A Drug Dosage For Managing Pain

Oxycodone is an opiate analgesic used in the treatment of mild to serious pain. It is available in various dosage forms like tablets, capsules, extended release tablets, and liquid concentrate solution. The available doses of Oxycodone may vary from 10 mg to 160 mg. The controlled-release preparation of Oxycodone will come in 10, 12, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, and 180 mg of oral preparation. But, high doses of Oxycodone more than 80 mg of daily dose or 40 mg of single dose are prescribed just for opioid tolerant people.
Usual Oxycodone dosage for pain:
Adult dose: Oxycodone immediate release preparation is found to be very good at treating pain with an initial dosage of 5 mg to 15 mg taken orally every 4 to 6 hours. 10 to 30 mg of Oxycodone is used every 4 hrs as maintenance dose, and doses greater than 30 mg must be sued with careful attention.
Oxycodone controlled-release preparation is used in an initial dose of 10 mg taken every 12 hrs. For terminally ill patients like cancer patients, a maintenance dose of 20 to 640 mg of Oxycodone is used per day. The normal dose of controlled release preparation is 105 mg every day.
Geriatric dose: 2.5 mg of immediate release Oxycodone should be taken orally every Six hours to control pain. This dose of 2.5 mg is raised gradually for maintenance of pain, but quantities above 30 mg should be used in careful attention.
For cancer affected individuals, Oxycodone controlled release preparation is used in a dosage of 20 to 640 mg daily to manage pain. Patients who are suffering from uncontrolled pain can use quick release Oxycodone, to supplement Oxycodone controlled-release
Pediatric dose: For children above 12 month and less than 50 kg, 0.05 to 0.15 mg/kg/dose of Oxycodone is taken every 4 to 6 hours. For kids above 1 year and greater than or equal to 50 kg weight, a primary dose of 5 mg is taken every 6 hrs, and then the dose may be raised up to 10 mg every 3 to 4 hours.
Oxycodone overdose: Oxycodone is a habit-forming drug, then it should be taken as directed by the doctor. Controlled release tablets must be swallowed as such. It shouldn't be crushed or chewed or split, which might cause the drug to get absorbed into the body too quickly, leading to drug overdose or death.

No comments:

Post a Comment